|The first grant for $5,000 was awarded in December, 2011 and the second grant for $2,500 was awarded in August, 2012. These grants were given to combat the high rate of Female Genital Mutilation which was 88% in Egypt.Goal: To support midwives and health barbers to start new businesses, giving cash prizes to mothers who have opted against female genital mutilation (FGM) for their daughters and to conduct awareness seminars against the practice of FGM.
EWHA was the first NGO to be legally recorded in the post-Mubarak era to combat female genital mutilation (FGM). EWHA attempted to persuade midwives and health barbers to stop performing the procedure which afflicts young girls physically and sometimes psychologically. EWHA provided start-up grants for practitioners of FGM to start new businesses and offset their loss of income.
Female Genital Mutilation often causes intense physical pain and often psychological trauma as well. 88% of 7-9 year old Egyptian girls, both Christians and Muslims, are subjected to this procedure. Though FGM is un-Islamic, un-Quranic and a pre-Islamic Nile Delta tradition, it is a classic case of Islam being trumped and conflated with local cultural traditions.
Outcome: The grants helped wean FGM practitioners from conducting the procedures. One midwife set up a tailoring business which saved 168 girls from FGM; another man, a health barber, was dissuaded from conducting 168 procedures of FGM per year and a third barber wanted to be a “Tuk Tuk” driver instead of doing 120 cases of FGM per year. The second grant focused on educating 151 females and 32 males through seminars, enabling them to obtain knowledge and awareness about the dangers of FGM practice and its overall harmful impact on a woman’s health. Cash prizes were given to 5 mothers who opted out from having FGM performed on their daughters.
Cost Per Participant in the 2 seminars: $4
Cost Per Woman opting out of FGM for their daughter: $50
Cost Per Girl: For $10 we can save a girl’s life by investing in a midwife and
For $17 we can save a girl’s life by investing in a barber